University of Arizona Law Events

Saturday, March 24, 2018

9:00 am

All Roads Lead to Chaco Canyon: Revitalizing Trade Between Native Nations

Room: OUTSIDE 168
Time: 9:00 AM - 5:00 PM

International trade and international relations are not new concepts to the indigenous peoples of the world. Native Nations in the western hemisphere once had expansive trade networks that extended from Canada to South America. Those trade networks were disrupted during European contact and have laid dormant ever since. This conference brings together indigenous leaders and experts in various fields to answer one question: how can indigenous peoples use the global trade model to revitalize trade networks domestically and internationally? Join the discussion on March 23-24, 2018 at the Desert Diamond Casino and University of Arizona, James E. Rogers College of Law, to see how even in this modern economic era, All Roads Lead to Chaco Canyon.

Since the creation of the United States, the federal government has sought control over Native trade, land, and resources. Consequently, many Native Nations have high poverty rates, low employment rates, minimal political and economic development, and no entrepreneurial endeavors. This conference shifts the conversation to the possibility of Native Nations exploring an uncharted territory—international trade. The conference hinges on a simple idea: suppose Native Nation A negotiates a trade deal with Native Nation B. The questions that arise are:

• Can the states tax a transaction between two Native Nations?
• If a dispute arises, should it be resolved in tribal court? Federal court? What laws govern the transaction?
• Should Native Nations establish trade offices and have trade representatives? Maybe establish an international institution similar to the World Trade Organization?
• What kind of impact will federal Indian law have on trade between Native Nations? What about the Indian commerce clause and Indian trader statutes?
• Will the federal government intervene in international trade transactions between Native Nations?
• What must Native Nations do in order to participate in trade deals with other nations?
• Should Native Nations negotiate and implement an international instrument to govern trade deals between themselves similar to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade?


Contact: (Adam Crepelle)