Professor James Hopkins, with the assistance of IPLP students, is representing the Traditional Authorities of the Rio Yaqui Pueblos, the governing body for all eight Rio Yaqui Pueblos in the Rio Yaqui Valley in Sonora, Mexico on a Petition before the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. In his role as counsel to the Traditional Authorities of the Rio Yaqui Pueblos, students actively assist Professor Hopkins before the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights and related efforts to protect and support Yaqui traditional lands, water rights, community public health, and economic development.
Professor Hopkins is actively engaged before several international human rights bodies to protect Rio Yaqui traditional lands, promote culturally appropriate economic development, and exert pressure on the government to remediate wide-spread environmental damage. In partnership with the Pascua Yaqui Tribe, U.S. Fish and Wildlife, and UNISON, Sonora, students are actively engaged in the recovery of indigenous freshwater fish species in the Rio Yaqui basin including the Yaqui catfish. This partnership is supporting community members in the Rio Yaqui Pueblos to establish sustainable aquaculture.
Filed in January 2011, the Traditional Authorities of the Rio Yaqui Pueblos are requesting precautionary measures in the face of urgent, immediate, and irreparable harms to the Rio Yaqui people, their lands, resources, and access to surface water rights on the Rio Yaqui River caused by Mexico's continued agri-chemical practices and the alleged resulting Yaqui infant deaths that are in violation of the Rio Yaqui peoples' fundamental right to life, as well as Mexico's support for massive resource development projects including the diversion of the Rio Yaqui to the City of Hermosillo, all of which will deny the future existence of the Rio Yaqui people in the Rio Yaqui Valley.
On October 1, 2015, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights made a definitive admissibility ruling–meaning the petition can be decided on its merits–in regard to the petition. Among other findings, the Commission cited Mexico's failure to meet its binding obligations with respect to the human rights protections the Yaqui Pueblos are entitled to under the American Convention on Human Rights and the American Declaration on the Rights and Duties of Man. Most notably, the Commission ruled that in light of the deteriorating environmental and public health situation in the Yaqui traditional territory, Mexico is obligated–pursuant to Article 26 of the American Convention–to make every effort at progressive development on behalf of the Traditional Authorities and to further environmental remediation of their traditional lands, resources, and water.
As the case progresses Professor Hopkins, with the aid of IPLP students, continues to advocate for the government to comply with their obligations under domestic and international law.