Stacy Butler, Professor of Practice; Director, Innovation for Justice Program

Stacy Butler is the Director of the i4J Program and has two decades of experience in community advocacy and expanding the reach of civil legal services for under-represented populations. Her research focuses on the application of human-centered design and innovation to social justice issues including eviction, debt collection, domestic violence, regulatory reform, and online dispute resolution. Prior to launching the i4J Program, she worked in the United States District Court for the District of Arizona and served as an adjunct professor at the University of Arizona James E. Rogers College of Law. In 2017, Butler launched Step Up to Justice, a pro bono civil legal center that has delivered over $4.5 million in free civil legal services to low-income families. Butler earned a B.A. from Trinity University and a J.D. from the University of Arizona.



Mackenzie S. Pish, i4J Program Manager

Mackenzie Pish, J.D., is the i4J Program Manager and has been active in advancing many of its projects. She currently runs its tenant education program, developed the final deliverables for the i4J Program’s work on meeting the needs of human trafficking survivors, co-authored i4J’s usability evaluation of Utah’s Online Dispute Resolution Platform, and helped create the i4J Cost of Eviction Calculator, an advocacy tool that was a finalist at the Georgetown IronTech Lawyer Invitational. Pish received her J.D. from the University of Arizona James E. Rogers College of Law in 2020, where she was a Distinguished Scholar, an editor on the Arizona Law Review, and recipient of the S. Thomas Chandler Public Service Award. She received her B.A. in Political Science, summa cum laude, from State University of New York, Cortland.


Jessica D. Findley, Project Manager for i4J’s Licensed Legal Advocate Pilot

Jessica D. Findley, J.D., Ph.D, grew up in Dallas, Texas. She attended the University of Texas at Austin, earning her BA in psychology.  Jessica then attended the University of Arizona where she earned both her law degree and PhD in psychology.  After graduating, Jessica gained experience in juvenile and dependency law by clerking for the Hon. Christopher P. Staring at Pima County Juvenile Court.  Jessica continued to serve the court and community as mediator.  Jessica is currently an Assistant Clinical Professor of Law (Research Scholar) at the University of Arizona College of Law. She is a Principal Investigator for several grant-funded educational programs including the BA in Law's Lawtina Program, which launched in Spring 2020, and JD-Next, a program for matriculating law students with Dr. Christopher Robertson. For i4J She also works on other innovative programs at the Arizona College of Law such as the Licensed Legal Advocate Pilot as well as federally-funded research. Dr. Findley’s interdisciplinary approach to attorney advocacy was published by the American Psychological Association in 2010.


Hon. Karen S. Adam, Superior Court Judge (Ret.)

Karen Adam retired from the bench in November 2015 after 34 years of service as a Tucson City Court Magistrate, a Superior Court Commissioner, and a Superior Court Judge. As presiding judge of the Pima County  Juvenile Court (PCJCC) from 2011-2014, Judge Adam led the effort to convert PCJCC to a trauma-responsive court. Judge Adam is a member of the Self-Represented Litigants Network, the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges (NCJFCJ), the Arizona and National Chapters of the Association of Family and Conciliation Courts. She is president of the board of the Children’s Center for Law and Policy and teaches and consults on Family Treatment Drug Court grants and programs. Judge Adam writes and lectures on juvenile and family law topics and has served as faculty for the National Judicial College since 2007 and as a Professor or Practice for the University of Arizona Rogers College of Law since 2018. Recently, Judge Adam developed the curriculum to train lay legal advocates in i4J’s Licensed Legal Advocate Pilot Program. 


Sarah Mauet, Creative Director, Media and Digital Technologies for Digital Learning, University of Arizona

Sarah Mauet is a UX Researcher and Strategist. When not collaborating with the Innovation for Justice (i4J) program to humanize the development of court technologies, Mauet is the Creative Director for Media and Digital Technologies at the University of Arizona’s office of Digital Learning. There she works to make online learning environments and tools more engaging, accessible and impactful for all learners. Mauet has nearly 20 years of professional experience in multimedia journalism and communications, website design/development, and UX. She believes in the power of human-centered design and technology to build more just, equitable and sustainable communities, and has a track record of implementing award-winning, forward-thinking media and technology projects that successfully communicate, educate, and drive innovation. Mauet holds a B.S. in Journalism from Northwestern University and an M.S. in Graphic Information Technology from Arizona State University.


Christopher L. Griffin, Jr., Director of Empirical & Policy Research; Research Professor

Christopher L. Griffin, Jr., is the Director of Empirical & Policy Research and a research professor at the University of Arizona James E. Rogers College of Law. Professor Griffin teaches Civil Procedure, Remedies, and Empirical Methods in the Law. His research empirically investigates whether ideas for enhancing access to justice work or don’t. Professor Griffin and his colleagues primarily use randomized control trials to evaluate the causal effects of existing and innovative solutions for narrowing the justice gap. Most of these studies focus on the civil justice system, including the efficacy of unbundled legal services in housing court, the value of connecting survivors of intimate partner violence to civil legal aid, and the potential promise of non-lawyer models of legal services provision. Professor Griffin is also involved in randomized evaluations of criminal pretrial risk assessments. His work has appeared in the Journal of Empirical Legal Studies, the Utah Law Review, and the William & Mary Law Review. He holds a B.S. in International Political Economy, magna cum laude, from Georgetown University's School of Foreign Service, where he was a John Carroll Scholar and a Beinecke Scholar; an MPhil in Economics from the University of Oxford, where he was an Albritton Scholar; and a J.D. from Yale Law School, where he was an editor of the Yale Law Journal and Editor-in-Chief of the Yale Law & Policy Review


The Advisory Board 

With a deep background in designing and implementing innovative access to justice initiatives for legal aid, the courts and private practice, Katherine’s philosophy throughout her career has been to build common sense, consumer oriented solutions by learning, innovating and sharing. After clerking for a trial court judge, Katherine worked at Alaska Legal Services Corporation, initially handling DV matters and later as the Aging Grant Coordinator. In 2001, Katherine joined the Alaska Court System to develop the statewide Family Law Self-Help Center, which resulted in the nation's first virtual self-help center. Operating solely through telephone and Internet capabilities, the Center was also one of the early TIG grantees. In 2008, Katherine moved to private practice, establishing a successful unbundled practice supporting self-represented litigants in Alaska, and helped to create the first Unbundled Law Section of a state bar. An early member of Self-Represented Litigation Network, she has led the SRLN since August 2013. Katherine is particularly interested in building delivery systems for rural and vulnerable populations and creating community based legal assistance environments that prioritize judicial engagement and leadership to re-imagine services and approaches used by the private bar, legal aid, court staff and non-legal community providers so that everyone can get the legal help they need, when they need it in a format they can use. Katherine sits on the Advisory Committee for Voices for Civil Justice, serves as the Senior Advisor to the Justice for All Project, and is a Non-Resident Senior Fellow at the Georgetown Institute for Technology Law and Policy. She received the National Center for State Court's Distinguished Service Award in 2019 for her work to improve access to justice in the courts. Katherine, a graduate of Northwestern University and Seattle University School of Law, resides in Virginia.

Judge Cruz obtained a Juris Doctorate from the University of Arizona, James E. Rogers College of Law and has a B.A. in Psychology from the University of Arizona.  She began her practice of law as a prosecutor in Arizona at the Yuma County Attorney’s Office, prosecuting felony offenders.  Later, she practiced in criminal defense, eventually venturing into solo practice.  

As a solo practitioner, Judge Cruz primarily undertook representation in criminal and family law matters and served as judge pro-tem for the Cocopah Indian Tribe.  In 2008 Judge Cruz was elected Superior Court Judge in Yuma County, Arizona and at the time of her appointment to the Court of Appeals was the Presiding Judge in Yuma County.  

In addition to her judicial responsibilities, Judge Cruz serves on the Arizona Supreme Court’s Commission on Access to Justice, as well as the Arizona Supreme Court’s Task Force on Justice for All and the Commission on Victims in the Court. 

Judge Cruz contributes to the development of the law internationally by serving as a professor of law teaching trial advocacy in various regions within the Republic of Mexico, including Mexico City, Tijuana, Mexicali, La Paz, and Guanajuato.

Dan Jackson directs the NuLawLab at Northeastern University School of Law, an interdisciplinary innovation laboratory that has been working since 2012 to merge creative arts and law to create new models of legal empowerment.  Dan is a 1997 graduate of Northeastern Law and a 1990 graduate of Northwestern University.  Following a postgraduate clerkship with The Hon. Hugh H. Bownes at the U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit, Dan worked for 13 years with the law firm of Bingham McCutchen, ultimately serving as the firm’s director of attorney development after practicing in the employment law group.  Prior to law school, Dan worked as a designer for theater.  He continues to do so, most recently with the Provincetown Tennessee Williams Theater Festival and The Provincetown Theater. 

As a political appointee in the Obama Administration, Karen A. Lash served in leadership positions at the U.S. Department of Justice’s Office for Access to Justice (ATJ) and as the first Executive Director of the White House Legal Aid Interagency Roundtable (LAIR). Karen conceptualized, implemented, and led LAIR, a first-of-its-kind executive branch policymaking model for civil legal aid, that brought together 22 federal agencies to identify programs, policies, and initiatives that could work more effectively and efficiently by incorporating legal aid. 

After leaving the Justice Department, Karen joined American University’s School of Public Affairs Justice Programs Office as a Practitioner-in-Residence and Director of The Justice in Government Project. With funding from the Open Society Foundations, Public Welfare Foundation, and The Kresge Foundation, Karen is applying the lessons learned from LAIR to state agencies to similarly ensure that scarce resources are most effectively used to achieve state goals regarding low income and other underserved populations by adding legal aid partners. 
Before joining the Obama Administration, Karen consulted with U.S. law schools and advocacy organizations including the National Legal Aid & Defender Association (NLADA), American Constitution Society, Mississippi Center for Justice (MCJ), University of California law schools at Berkeley and Irvine, and helped advance university legal clinics in Moldova, Ukraine, Slovakia, Cambodia, Kyrgyzstan, and Macedonia. She served as a co-chair of the California Access to Justice Commission, as Associate Dean at the University of Southern California Law School, and as Vice President of Programs at Equal Justice Works; practiced law at Tuttle & Taylor and Public Counsel; and clerked for Judge Warren J. Ferguson, Ninth Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals. 
Recent honors include Attorney General Eric Holder’s John Marshall Award for Outstanding Legal Achievement for Participation in Litigation, recognition from Attorney General Loretta Lynch for her LAIR work, MCJ’s Champion of Justice Award, and NLADA’s Innovation Award. She is a frequent conference keynote and presenter, and her publications include Executive Branch Support for Civil Legal Aid, Daedalus, Journal of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences (Winter 2019), The Obama Legacy: Legal Aid Across Government Agencies, Talk Poverty, (December 22, 2016), Pitching Pro Bono: Getting to First Base with the ‘Big Firm’, 2 DePaul J. for Soc. Just. 141 (2008); Mitigating Disaster: Lessons Learned in Mississippi, (with Reilly Morse), 77 Miss. L. J. 101 (2008); and Federal Government as Your Partner: What Advocates Should know about Federal Resources for Veterans’ Legal Aid , 68 S. C. L. Rev. 209 (2016). She currently serves on the boards of advisors to the UC Berkeley/Irvine School of Law Civil Justice Research Institute and Tzedek DC. 

Joyce is the Founding Executive Director of the Florida Justice Technology Center (FJTC), a statewide technology organization she helped create with the access to justice community of Florida.  FJTC partners with legal aid organizations, the courts, the clerk’s offices, the private bar, law schools, and others to increase access to justice through the innovative use of technology. Prior to creating FJTC, Joyce was an independent consultant working at the intersection of access to justice and technology. Before that Joyce spent eight years with the Legal Services Corporation co-founding the TIG program and is a 2009 recipient of the Innovations in Equal Justice Award presented jointly by the ABA/NLADA. Joyce has a graduate degree in Public Administration from American University and is PMP Certified by the Project Management Institute. 

Christopher Robertson joined the BU Law faculty in 2020 as a tenured professor and N. Neal Pike Scholar in Health & Disability Law. Robertson previously served as associate dean for research and innovation and professor of law at the University of Arizona.

Professor Robertson is an expert in health law, institutional design, and decision making. His wide-ranging work includes torts, bioethics, professional responsibility, conflicts of interests, criminal justice, evidence, the First Amendment, racial disparities, and corruption.

In 2019, Harvard University Press published Exposed: Why Our Health Insurance is Incomplete and What Can be Done About It. Robertson has co-edited three books, Nudging Health: Behavioral Economics and Health Law (2016), Blinding as a Solution to Bias: Strengthening Biomedical Science, Forensic Science, and Law (2016), and Innovation and Protection: The Future of Medical Device Regulation (forthcoming 2021).

Acting in legal reform movements, in 2020 Robertson undertook a yearlong project to help the board of trustees of the California State Bar reduce racial disparities in the attorney discipline system. He previously served as reporter for the Health Law Monitoring Committee of the Uniform Law Commission. For over a decade, he has served on the clinical ethics committee of an academic medical center.

Working to reform legal education, Robertson is leading the development of JD-Next, a national program designed to reduce disparities in preparation for law school and to provide a more reliable predictor of student success. In its second year, the program enrolled over 1100 students nationwide. With ETS, Robertson also conducted the first major study of the validity of the Graduate Record Exam (GRE) as an admissions test for JD programs, which led to 60+ schools, including Harvard, Yale, and BU now relying on the exam. Robertson has also pioneered legal education for undergraduates and non-lawyer professionals.

Professor Robertson has served as a visiting professor at Harvard Law School, NYU Law, and the London School of Economics, and as a visiting scholar at the Brown University Policy Lab. He is affiliated with the Petrie Flom Center for Health Care Policy, Bioethics and Biotechnology at Harvard, the NYU Langone Health Working Group on Compassionate Use and Pre-Approval Access (CUPA), and the University of Arizona’s Innovation for Justice program. Robertson’s legal practice has focused on complex litigation involving medical and scientific disputes, and he continues to work with litigators through his firm, Hugo Analytics.


Miguel Willis currently serves as the inaugural Presidential Innovation Fellow at Law School Admission Council, where he oversees the Access to Justice Tech Fellows Program. The Tech Fellows Program pairs law students with legal services organizations to develop projects that support the use of technology, data, and design-thinking to bridge the justice gap in America. 
Miguel began his legal career at the Department of Justice Office of Immigration Litigation while obtaining his bachelor’s degree in political science at Howard University. While at Seattle University School of Law, Miguel worked with a developer to create CaseBooker, a textbook marketplace app for law students. He served as president of the Black Law Students Association and on the National Black Law Students Association National Board. He was an outspoken opponent of the city’s proposal to build a new juvenile jail. 
Miguel’s entrepreneurial spirit, drive to innovate, and commitment to diversity and access to justice earned him recognition by the American Bar Association as a 2018 “Legal Rebel.” He also competed as a finalist in the Social Venture Partners Fast Pitch Completion and was recognized as the 2016 National Jurist Law Student of the Year.  
Miguel is committed to leveraging his law degree in a nontraditional way to solve seemingly intractable problems. Upon graduating law school, he worked at the Alaska Court System to help solve the problem of access to justice for low-income communities.


Jamie Beck is the President and Managing Attorney of Free to Thrive, a nonprofit organization that empowers survivors of human trafficking to be free from exploitation and thrive by providing them with legal services and connections to additional support. Prior to launching Free to Thrive in 2017, Jamie practiced civil litigation for five years at Procopio, Cory, Hargreaves & Savitch LLP. Jamie also worked as a judicial law clerk to the Honorable Michael M. Anello in the Federal District Court for United States District Court, the Southern District of California. Jamie received her law degree from the University of San Diego School of Law in 2011. Raised by a single mother, Jamie was the first person in her family to graduate from law school. While at USD Law, Jamie was a member of the San Diego Law Review and received a 3-year merit scholarship. Prior to attending law school, Jamie worked for two years as a paralegal at the global law firm Davis, Polk & Wardwell in New York, NY. She graduated from Wilfrid Laurier University in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada with a Bachelor of Arts in Political Science with a minor in sociology in 2006.

Jamie was the 2016-2017 president of Lawyers Club of San Diego (San Diego’s feminist bar association with over 1,300 members) and founded the Lawyers Club Human Trafficking Collaborative. She currently serves on the Dean’s Advisory Board of the Joan. B. Kroc School of Peace Studies at the University of San Diego. Point Loma Nazarene University recognized Jamie’s contribution to the fight against human trafficking, awarding her its inaugural 2016 Hope Rising Award. Jamie also received a commendation from the City of San Diego Human Relations Commission for her leadership in combating human trafficking of women and girls in San Diego. She also received the San Diego County Bar Community Service Award for Outstanding Service by a New Lawyer and the San Diego Rotary Peace Award in 2018. The American Bar Association also included her among its eight “members who inspired us in 2018. Soroptomist International of San Diego Awarded Jamie its Women of Inspiration Award in 2019 and the University of San Diego School of Law will award her its Distinguished Alumni Rising Star Award in October 2019.

Bridget Fogarty Gramme serves as administrative director and supervising attorney at USD's Center for Public Interest Law (CPIL), and is an adjunct professor. She graduated from the University of San Diego School of Law in 2003. There, she was an intern at CPIL, and received the Outstanding Contributor to the California Regulatory Law Reporter award for her reports on the Medical Board of California and the Bureau of State Audits.

At CPIL, Gramme teaches Public Interest Law and Practice, supervises law students in their monitoring of California’s occupational licensing agencies and drafting of articles for CPIL’s Journal, the California Regulatory Law Reporter (forthcoming online), edits the Reporter, oversees all of CPIL’s administrative functions. In addition, she spearheads CPIL’s advocacy projects—from legislative advocacy on bills of interest to CPIL, to public interest impact litigation. Most recently she has been focusing her efforts on significant reform at the State Bar of California.

Gramme returned to USD as CPIL’s Assistant Administrative Director in the summer of 2014 after ten years of civil litigation experience. She was an associate at Hulett Harper Stewart LLP where she practiced complex civil litigation, including antitrust, securities, and consumer protection matters. She was also a law clerk to the Honorable Cathy Ann Bencivengo, U.S. District Judge for the Southern District of California, and an associate at Paul, Plevin, Sullivan & Connaughton LLP, where she represented employers in employment discrimination and wage and hour matters.

Prior to attending law school, Gramme served as an International Women’s Issues Officer at the U.S. Department of State and the President’s Interagency Council on Women where she coordinated the Vital Voices: Women in Democracy Initiative in Belfast, Northern Ireland, and Montevideo, Uruguay.

Gramme lives in San Diego with her husband and two daughters.  Her community service projects include: Girl Scout troop leader; USD Law Alumni Board; William Male Foundation Board of Directors;  USD’s Center for Catholic Thought and Culture Advisory Committee; USD’s Professional Learning Community, Envisioning 2024; USD Changemaker Hub CORE team; USD Law School’s Loan Repayment Assistance Program Committee.

Jessica Heldman served as Associate Executive Director at the Robert F. Kennedy National Resource Center for Juvenile Justice at Robert F. Kennedy Children’s Action Corps in Boston, MA. In this capacity, she provided technical assistance and training to state and local jurisdictions, guiding the development of law and policy within child welfare and juvenile justice systems throughout the nation. Heldman served as a consultant for organizations including Children’s Rights in New York City, the Child Welfare League of America, and Georgetown University’s Center for Juvenile Justice Reform. She has experience in representation of dependent and delinquent children in juvenile court as well as impact litigation on behalf of foster children. Heldman also worked for the law firm of Golden & Cardona-Loya, LLP in the areas of estate planning and consumer law. Prior to law school, Heldman worked as a theater educator developing and teaching educational arts programming for dependent and delinquent youth in San Diego.

Heldman is the author of the guidebook, A Guide to Legal and Policy Analysis for Systems Integration, co-author of the Dual Status Youth-Technical Assistance Workbook and the Guidebook for Juvenile Justice and Child Welfare System Coordination and Integration. She has also authored and co-authored several publications on topics such as developmental reform in juvenile justice and the representation of dual status youth and is a frequent presenter. Heldman has served on an expert panel before U.S. Congressional staff and presented expert testimony to California. In addition, Ms. Heldman contributed to the development of the 2nd version of the MacArthur Foundation supported Models for Change Information Sharing Toolkit at, and served as faculty for the Information Sharing Certificate Program at Georgetown University and the online CLE program Information Sharing in Youth and Family Serving Systems.

Cas Laskowski is the Technology and Research Services Librarian at Duke Law where she collaborates with innovators and technology centers at the law school to foster student engagement with technology through training, networking, and access to emerging technologies. She is also part of Law by Design, a law school initiative to help foster students creative problem solving by teaching them design thinking methodology. Cas writes regularly about legal and library technology and serves as Vice Chair of the AALL Diversity & Inclusion Standing Committee and SEAALL Treasurer.


Kelly Leslie teaches Beginning Design Studio, Publication Design, Design for Web and Devices, and Professional Practices in Design. Her work includes client based commissions, drawings, and digital fabrication. She has exhibited in China, Japan, and Australia as well as the US.

Kimball Dean Parker is the Director of LawX, the legal design lab at BYU Law School. Under his direction, LawX developed SoloSuit, an automated software that helps debt collection defendants answer a lawsuit in Utah. Kimball is also the President of Parsons Behle Lab, the innovation subsidiary of the law firm Parsons Behle & Latimer. Parsons Behle Lab recently released an automated GDPR compliance software called GDPR IQ (   For his efforts to make the law accessible, Kimball received a Fastcase 50 Award. He was also recognized as the 2018 Cyber Pioneer by the Utah Bar and a Forty under 40 recipient by Utah Business magazine. 

Kelli Raker supports the Duke Program in Law & Entrepreneurship and the Duke Center on Law & Technology as a program coordinator at Duke University School of Law. She serves as the Managing Director of the Duke Law Tech Lab and provides student services for the LLM in Law & Entrepreneurship. She previously worked in public health (sexual and dating violence prevention and intervention as well as occupational health and safety research), and has worked and volunteered with nonprofit startups. She received her BA in Interdisciplinary Studies from The College of William and Mary in 2005 and her MA in Higher Education and Student Affairs from The Ohio State University in 2007.

Jeffrey Willis was the 2018-2019 president of the State Bar of Arizona and is a senior partner with Snell & Wilmer L.L.P. based in the Tucson office. Jeff has engaged in substantial service to the Bar and the public regarding Access to Justice issues, including co-chairing the 2015 “Arizona Forward” initiative at the request of Chief Justice Scott Bales. He has served in the American Bar Association House of Delegates and as Chair of the ABA Legal Services Training Committee. Jeff was president of the Tucson Chapter of the Federal Bar Association and was a Lawyer Representative to the Ninth Circuit Judicial Conference. He is currently on the Board of the Arizona Justice Project and soon to be inducted as a Fellow in the American College of Trial Lawyers. From 2012 to 2016 he was an Adjunct Professor at the James E. Rogers School of Law teaching Advanced Trial Advocacy.